Fact Sheets

Fact Sheets

Fact Sheets

A Sunn Hemp Cover Crop for Soil Health and Nematode Management

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

These University of Hawaii fact sheets and virtual field day explain how to use sunn hemp as a cover crop to control weeds, nematodes and other pests, add soil nutrients, prevent erosion, and contribute to a more robust and complex community of beneficial nematodes.

Agricultural Composting and Water Quality Fact Sheet

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

This publication is designed to assist farmers in conducting efficient, cost-effective, on-farm composting that presents reduced risk to surface and groundwater quality. It was written for operators of small to medium-size on-farm composting enterprises who handle about 100 to 5,000 tons of raw organic material per year.

Constructing a Low-Cost High Tunnel

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

Specs, diagrams and photos of high tunnel construction, by Utah State University Cooperative Extension.

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Estimating Plant-Available Nitrogen Release from Cover Crops

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

This Oregon State University fact sheet explains the basics of plant-available nitrogen (PAN); when to kill cover crops for the maximum PAN benefit; step-by-step instructions on how to perform site-specific measurements to predict PAN from your cover crop; and case studies from the Willamette Valley.

Growing Grapes in Hawaii

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

The basis for this project was to show that grapes could again become a viable crop for Hawaii growers at low elevations. This addition of a crop, in demand by chefs, could greatly contribute to small farm sustainability.The history and horticultural needs are outlined in this extension publication, as are basic marketing needs and nutritional information.

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Integrating Small Goat Herd Production with Fruits and Vegetable Production

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

This report resulted from a project in Hawaii with the purpose to develop a diversified production system by integrating the farm’s goat production enterprise into a crop production enterprise, where both goats and crops benefit from each other.

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Large Raspberry Aphid

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

Large raspberry aphid is notable as a vector of viruses in Rubus, including Raspberry leaf mottle virus (RLMV, semi-persistent) and Raspberry latent virus (RpLV, persistent) in red raspberry, and Black raspberry necrosis virus (BRNV, non-persistent) in black raspberry. These viruses are to blame for decreased cane vigor and field decline requiring frequent replanting, as well as crumbling fruit symptoms in red raspberry.

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Managing for Wild Bees

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

Pollination is a critical component of the crop production cycle, directly contributing to reproductive success for pollinator-dependent crops. Graduate student Hillary Sardinas evaluated the ability of hedgerow restorations to augment hybrid sunflower pollination by the native bee community. She also investigated whether rates of nesting were increased in fields adjacent to hedgerows, as well as whether the presence of hedgerows enhanced the diversity and abundance of the native bee community at different distances into fields.

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Manure Composting for Livestock and Poultry Production

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

This Montana State University publication addresses medium- to large-scale composting as a management option for animal producers in cold, semi-arid environments.

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Minimizing Nitrogen Loss After Fertilization

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

When nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the soil surface, a significant amount can evaporate into the air if certain management practices aren't used. To reduce this nitrogen volatilization, researchers at Montana State University (MSU) used a SARE grant to research its impacts on yields, in addition to management practices that can be used to reduce nitrogen loss.  

Nitrogen Management in Field Crops with Reference Strips and Crop Sensors

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

The purpose of this publication is to improve growers’ knowledge and understanding of how crop canopy sensors and in-field reference strips can be utilized for effective nitrogen (N) management.

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Selecting and Managing Vineyard Cover Crops to Reduce Consumption of Net Basin Water

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

These fact sheets by the Vineyard Team describes their experiments evaluating the impact of five cover crop species on soil moisture depletion and the impact of five timings and termination methods of terminating a grass cover crop on soil moisture depletion.

Semiochemical-Based Trapping Method for Weevil Pests on Guam

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

Semiochemical-based trapping methods were developed for the control of the banana weevil (Cosmopolites sordidus), the New Guinea sugarcane weevil (Rhabdoscelus obscurus) and the sweetpotato weevil (Cylas formicarius) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Photos of trapping systems, as well as trapping dates, were collected and developed into an instruction manual along with the developed methods.

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Specialty Crop Production in High Tunnels

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

This Utah State University fact sheet series on high tunnel season extension includes production information on raspberries, lettuce, summer squash, tomatoes and strawberries.

Technical Assistance Programs for Agricultural Irrigation Improvements in Arizona

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

This guide provides an overview of the different types of technical assistance programs available to growers in Arizona to improve irrigation efficiency or water conservation on farm.

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Temperature Management in High Tunnels

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

Understanding a crop's temperature requirements is the key to high tunnel management. This Utah State University fact sheet spells out temperature considerations and how these are best addressed using high tunnels and other season-extending technologies.

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Trained Sheep Grazing Vineyard Floor

Aversion Training

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

According to researchers, training sheep to have a food aversion is a simple process. However, there are important steps to follow to improve the strength of the aversion. This fact sheet describes the aversion training process.

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Trained Sheep Grazing Vineyard Floor

LiCl Dosage

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

According to researchers, training sheep to have a food aversion is a simple process. However, there are important steps to follow to improve the strength of the aversion. This fact sheet describes how to find the correct dose of LiCl for the aversion training process.

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Wireworm Biology and Nonchemical Management in Potatoes

Type: Western SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product

Larval wireworms are among the most destructive of soil insect pests. This publication reviews the wireworm literature and provides information on wireworm biology, monitoring risk assessment and nonchemical control options that can be integrated into a variety of production systems.

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2016 Annual Report

For the first time, we are sharing a yearly snapshot of our work. The stories provided here typify the creative, participatory and integrated research Western SARE annually funds – led by land grant institution researchers and graduate students, Extension and other ag professionals, and nonprofit leaders in full partnership with producers.